On Saturday forty-one people were killed and many more were injured in
Casablanca, Morocco, in a terrorist attack which came only four days after the
synchronised suicide bombings on expatriate residences in the Saudi capital,
Riyadh. This striking event, and the other recent attacks, are clear indications that
the so-called "war on terror" was far from finished with the fall of Saddam
The new King Mohammed VI is fond of presenting an image of Morocco as a
southern Mediterranean country steadily moving towards modernity and democracy.
We asked two Moroccan Marxists to shed some light on these claims, which to many
ordinary people seem completely unjustified.
When King Hassan II died at the end of the last century all expectations of
change were concentrated in the figure of his son Mohammed VI. Fascination
grew over this young and apparently modern monarch who announced he would
transform his country, establish the rule of law and lead it successfully into
the 21st century. Expectations were running high. Only one
year after his arrival, the royal reform movement stalled - the
alliance of the Throne and the socialists has not delivered the results the
masses had hoped and waited for. This is a recipe for future explosions in the
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