In Part Two of his article, Didi Cheeka shows how Soyinka's works express
the struggle for " the liberation of the individual, for the individual, by
the individual and the removal of general liberation for the mass of the people".
It arises from the petit-bourgeois intellectual's conception of human nature in completely individualistic terms, divorced from
all social being. It is, nevertheless, a tribute to Soyinka that at the height
of the ethnic cleansing that presaged the Nigeria/Biafra civil war he was shrill
in his condemnation of the perpetrators. He paid for this with 27 months in
detention. Again he protested against the brutal repression of students in 1978.
But his individual and petit-bourgeois approach has now led him to have
illusions in the present party of government, the PDP.
Wole Soyinka is a prominent Nigerian playwright, and in 1986, he became
the first African writer ever to be awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature. In
October 1965, Soyinka was arrested for allegedly seizing the Western Region
radio studios and using them to publicly dispute the published results of the
recent elections, but in December of the same year, he was acquitted. Didi
Cheeka of the Workers' Alternative Editorial Board looks at the ideas and
works of this well known writer.