Revolutionary history

Revolution — the old mole that keeps burrowing through history

The ideas of Marxism and the need for a revolutionary party are not the result simply of a single individual, but arise from the study of history - the history of class struggle. In this respect, the revolutionary party is often referred to as being the memory of the working class, and our task is to learn the lessons from history in order to prepare for the revolutionary events taking place today and in the future.

In this section we present a series of articles, videos and audio files covering the key revolutionary struggles in history - from the early class struggles in Rome to the tremendous movements of the working class in the 20th Century. By reading, watching, and listening to these, our readers should gain a good overview of the history of the revolutionary movement and the main lessons to be learnt from these.

  • Ancient history

    Ancient history

    A Marxist explanation of the processes that led to the collapse of the Roman Republic. History is not an inexplicable series of random events.
  • English Revolution

    English Revolution

    The Civil War in England was in essence a revolutionary struggle for domination by the rising bourgeois class of merchants and bankers.
  • French Revolution

    French Revolution

    The Revolution was so successful because of the involvement of the plebeian masses. It went further than was really possible on a bourgeois basis.
  • Paris Commune

    Paris Commune

    In a tremendous revolutionary movement, the working people of Paris replaced the capitalist state with their own organs of government and held political power.
  • First International

    First International

    The first international proletarian organisation paved the way for the growth of working class organisation and spread of Marxism worldwide.
  • Second International

    Second International

    While espousing the “dictatorship of the proletariat” and “internationalism” in words, in practice the 2nd International had gone over to the nation state and reformism.
  • World War I

    World War I

    To understand the causes of WWI, it is necessary to lay bare the real mainspring of war in the modern epoch: the contradiction between the interests of different capitalist states.
  • German Revolution

    German Revolution

    One year after the victory of the Russian Revolution, the German proletariat entered the scene of world history and brought an end to "the Great War".
  • Third International

    Third International

    The Communist International became a vital school of revolutionary ideas and strategy, but later degenerated with the rise of Stalinism.
  • Fourth International

    Fourth International

    The history of the Fourth International was one of a struggle to keep the genuine international spirit of the working class struggle alive.
  • Spanish Revolution

    Spanish Revolution

    The Spanish masses instinctively strived towards socialist revolution but were strangled by the class collaboration of their leadership.
  • World War II

    World War II

    D-Day was an impressive and costly military operation, but the war against Hitler in Europe was fought mainly by the USSR on the eastern front. For most of the war the British and Americans were mere spectators.
  • Chinese Revolution

    Chinese Revolution

    The establishment of the People’s Republic of China marked a monumental change in world history, with hundreds of millions of human beings throwing off their humiliating yoke.
  • Cuban Revolution

    Cuban Revolution

    On January 1, 1959, Cuban dictator Batista fell, his regime falling to the guerrillas of Fidel Castro and Che Guevara. Within 3 years capitalism had been abolished in the island.
  • Colonial Revolution

    Colonial Revolution

    In the colonial and ex-colonial countries, the post-war decades were a period of unprecedented upheaval, characterised by famine, social unrest, wars, revolutions and counter-revolutions.
  • Revolutionary 1968

    Revolutionary 1968

    The greatest general strike in the post war period showed the mighty power of the working class, only defeated by the scandalous role of the French Communist Party.
  • Ireland & Republicanism

    Ireland & Republicanism

    The national struggle and the class struggle in Ireland have always been closely connected. Today the struggle for a united Ireland is bound up with the struggle for a Workers’ Republic.
  • British Labour movement

    British Labour movement

    In Britain, it was the unions that built the political parties, not the other way around. Different groups have made one mistake after another on the question of the Labour Party.
  • Class struggle in the USA

    Class struggle in the USA

    The history of the class struggle in the United States illustrates that the ideas of Marxism, socialism and communism aren't at all alien to "the land of opportunity."
  • Black struggle

    Black struggle

    “You can’t operate a capitalistic system unless you are vulturistic. You show me a capitalist, I’ll show you a bloodsucker.” (Malcolm X)
  • Deformed Workers' States

    Deformed Workers' States

    The Hungarian Revolution of 1956, the Prague spring of 1968 and the fall of the Berlin Wall were all significant events showing the dead end of Stalinism.
  • Arab Revolution

    Arab Revolution

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  • Venezuelan Revolution

    Venezuelan Revolution

    The crisis in Venezuela is not due to socialism, but due to the constant attempts to seek a compromise with imperialism and the Venezuelan ruling class.
  • Perspectives?

    Perspectives?

    NOTE: Perhaps Israel/Palestine conflict is more appropriate in this section
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